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The effects of dissolved petroleum hydrocarbons on benthic organisms: Chironomids and amphipods.


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Indiketi, Nishodi; Grenon, Marie-Claire; Groleau, Paule-Émilie; Veilleux, Éloïse; Triffault-Bouchet, Gaëlle et Couture, Patrice ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1944-5136 (2022). The effects of dissolved petroleum hydrocarbons on benthic organisms: Chironomids and amphipods. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety , vol. 237 . p. 113554. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2022.113554.

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The oil sands industry in Canada, produces heavy unconventional oils, diluted for transport and called diluted bitumen. However, despite advances in our knowledge of the ecotoxicological risk that these products represent, their effects on benthic organisms following a spill are still largely unknown. In order to fill these gaps, this study aims to determine the lethal and sublethal effects of two diluted bitumens (Bluesky and Cold Lake) and one conventional oil (Lloydminster) for two freshwater benthic invertebrates: Chironomus riparius and Hyalella azteca. The objective of this study is to assess the toxicity of dissolved hydrocarbons, resulting from the physical dispersion of oil, immediately after a spill on the benthic invertebrates. To this end, organisms were exposed for 7 days for chironomids and 14 days for amphipods to a fraction containing soluble hydrocarbons (WAF: water accommodated fraction; 10 g/L, 18 h of agitation, followed by 6 h of sedimentation) with natural or artificial sediment. After exposure, the effects of hydrocarbons were determined using size, mortality, and antioxidant capacities. Dissolved hydrocarbons induced mortality for both species, but these hydrocarbons disappeared very quickly from the water column, regardless of the oil type. The amphipods were sensitive to both types of oil while the chironomids were only sensitive to diluted bitumens. The presence of a natural sediment seems to provide a protective role against dissolved hydrocarbons. The antioxidant enzymes measured (CAT, SOD and GPx) do not appear to be relevant biomarkers for the exposure of these organisms to diluted bitumen.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: benthic invertebrates; diluted bitumen; oils; toxicity; WAF
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 23 juin 2022 14:16
Dernière modification: 06 juin 2023 19:23
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/12629

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