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Large-Scale Physical Modeling of Salt-Water Intrusion.


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Crestani, Elena; Camporese, Matteo; Belluco, Enrica; Bouchedda, Abderrezak; Gloaguen, Erwan ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9400-0276 et Salandin, Paolo (2022). Large-Scale Physical Modeling of Salt-Water Intrusion. Water , vol. 14 , nº 8. p. 1183. DOI: 10.3390/w14081183.

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Salt-water intrusion (SWI) is a worldwide problem increasingly affecting coastal aquifers, exacerbated by climate changes and growing demand of fresh-water. Therefore, research on this topic using both physical and numerical modeling has been intensified, aiming to achieve better predictions of the salt-water wedge evolution and to design suitable countermeasures to its negative effects. This work presents a laboratory facility designed to conduct SWI experiments that can be used as benchmarks for numerical models. To this end, the laboratory facility has been designed to limit errors and provide redundant measurements of hydraulic heads and discharged flow rates. Moreover, the size of the facility allows us to monitor the salt-water wedge evolution by a specifically designed electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) monitoring system. To demonstrate the capabilities of the laboratory facility, we carried out a simple 36-h long SWI experiment in a homogeneous porous medium: during the initial 24 h the salt-water wedge evolved without any external forcing, while in the last 12 h, fresh-water was pumped out to simulate aquifer exploitation. The experiment was monitored through ERT and photos of the salt-water wedge collected at regular time intervals. The SUTRA code was used to reproduce the experimental results, by calibrating only the dispersivities. The ERT results show a good correlation with simulated concentrations between the borehole electrodes, the most sensitive zone of the monitored area, demonstrating that ERT can be used for laboratory evaluations of the salt-water evolution. Overall, the agreement between observed data, numerical simulations, and ERT results demonstrates that the proposed laboratory facility can provide valuable benchmarks for future studies of SWI, even in more complex settings.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: salt-water intrusion; laboratory experiment; electrical resistivity tomography; aquifer exploitation
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 13 juin 2022 18:18
Dernière modification: 13 juin 2022 18:18
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/12623

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