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Design and Investigation of Advanced Human-Centered Blockchain Technologies for the 6G Era.


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Beniiche, Abdeljalil (2021). Design and Investigation of Advanced Human-Centered Blockchain Technologies for the 6G Era. Thèse. Québec, Doctorat en télécommunications, Université du Québec, Institut national de la recherche scientifique, 168 p.

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The sixth-generation (6G) of wireless cellular networks is expected to incorporate the latest developments in network infrastructure and emerging advances in technology. 6G will not only explore more spectrum at high-frequency bands but also converge driving technological trends, including connected robotics, artificial intelligence (AI), and blockchain technologies. There is also a strong notion that the nature of mobile terminals will change, whereby intelligent mobile robots are anticipated to play a more important role. Importantly, 6G will become more human-centered than 5G, which primarily focused on industry verticals. In this thesis, we aim at exploring the human-centeredness of blockchain technologies for the 6G era, in which we leverage advanced blockchain technologies alongside human beings while leveraging emerging technologies. After briefly reviewing recent progress on blockchain Internet of Things (BIoT), we explore the symbiosis of blockchain with other key technologies such as AI and robots, while putting our focus on the emerging Tactile Internet for advanced human-to-machine interaction. Our interest is in exploiting the concept of the decentralized autonomous organization (DAO), which executes smart contracts and requires the involvement of humans to perform certain tasks that autonomous AI-based software agents and robots themselves cannot do. In our search for synergies between human-agent-robot teamwork (HART) and the complementary strengths of the DAO, AI, and robots, we decentralize the Tactile Internet by leveraging mobile end-user equipment via partially or fully decentralized multi-access edge computing. We then introduce the concept of the nudge contract for crowdsourcing of human expertise to decrease the completion time of physical tasks in the event of unreliable feedback forecasting of teleoperated robots or unskilled decentralized members of the DAO. Next, we investigate the widely studied trust game of behavioral economics in a blockchain context. After identifying open research challenges of blockchain-enabled implementations of the trust game, we first develop a smart contract that replaces the experimenter in the middle between trustor and trustee. We then experimentally investigate the impact of the mechanism of deposit on the trust game performance. In addition, we present an on-chaining oracle architecture for a networked N-player trust game that involves a third type of human agent called observers. Further, we study the emerging field of robonomics, which integrates behavioral economics with advanced blockchain technologies and persuasive robotics. We show then that the embodied communications enabled by persuasive robots have a potentially greater social impact than monetary incentives such as deposits. Finally, this doctoral thesis describes the evolution from industry 4.0 to human centric cyber-physical-social systems (CPSS) and a future Supersmart Society 5.0. After introducing our CPSS based bottom-up multilayer token engineering framework for Society 5.0, a reflection on the role of bioligization in Industry 5.0 is presented. Finally, we experimentally demonstrate how the collective human intelligence of a blockchain-enabled DAO can be enhanced via purpose-driven tokens.

Type de document: Thèse Thèse
Directeur de mémoire/thèse: Maier, Martin
Mots-clés libres: 6G; blockchain; behavioral economics; collective intelligence; DAO; human robot interaction; Oracles; robonomics; society 5.0; tactile internet; trust game
Centre: Centre Énergie Matériaux Télécommunications
Date de dépôt: 04 mars 2022 16:45
Dernière modification: 04 mars 2022 16:45
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/12469

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