Dépôt numérique

Personal Social Networks and Adiposity in Adolescents: A Feasibility Study

Ybarra, Marina, Barnett, Tracie A, Yu, Jennifer, Van Hulst, Andraea, Drouin, Olivier, Kakinami, Lisa, Saint-Charles, Johanne et Henderson, Melanie (2021). Personal Social Networks and Adiposity in Adolescents: A Feasibility Study Childhood Obesity , vol. 17 , nº 8. p. 542-550. DOI: 10.1089/chi.2020.0343.

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Background and Objective: Weight-related behaviors are determined by multiple individual and contextual factors, with recent evidence implicating personal social networks (PSNs). Greater understanding of these relationships could help inform healthy weight promoting interventions. We conducted a feasibility study among youth at risk of obesity to document process outcomes, to discern relationships between PSN features and weight-related behaviors, and to generate hypotheses with respect to perceived social support (SS) and sex. Methods: Participants (egos) nominated up to 10 people (alters) with whom they discussed important matters. Egos reported their own and each alter's age, sex, body shape, lifestyle behaviors, relation, frequency of exercising with each alter, and of being encouraged by each alter to exercise. We examined relationships between PSN features and weight-related outcomes and explored the role of SS, using both correlational and linear regression analyses. Results: There were 45 participants (mean age 16.4 years) and body mass index z-score (zBMI) ranged from -1.2 to 3.9. There were few missing responses to PSN items; broad variation across most items, including SS scores, was reported. Correlations pointed to plausible relationships implicating PSN features and lifestyle behaviors. In exploratory analyses, network-based SS was positively associated with adiposity in girls and negatively associated in boys, while lifestyle role modelling was not associated with adiposity. Conclusions: Our findings support the feasibility of measuring the PSN in youth and the potential for using social network analysis to investigate social and behavioral mechanisms associated with obesity.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Adolescents; Physical Activity; Social Network Analysis; Social Support; Weight Status
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 30 juin 2022 13:56
Dernière modification: 30 juin 2022 13:56
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/12465

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