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Determinants of new onset cardiometabolic risk among normal weight children


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Van Hulst, Andraea; Ybarra, Marina; Mathieu, Marie-Ève; Benedetti, Andrea; Paradis, Gilles et Henderson, Melanie (2020). Determinants of new onset cardiometabolic risk among normal weight children International Journal of Obesity , vol. 44 , nº 4. pp. 781-789. DOI: 10.1038/s41366-019-0483-0.

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OBJECTIVE: To identify determinants for the development of "normal weight metabolically unhealthy" (NWMU) profiles among previously metabolically healthy normal weight children. METHODS: The QUALITY cohort comprises youth 8-10 years of age with a parental history of obesity (n = 630). Of these, normal weight children with no metabolic risk factors were identified and followed up 2 years later (n = 193). Children were classified as NWMU if they remained normal weight but developed at least one cardiometabolic risk factor. They were classified as normal weight metabolically healthy otherwise. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to identify whether adiposity (anthropometrics and DXA), lifestyle habits (physical activity, screen time, vegetables, and fruit- and sugar-sweetened beverages intake), fitness, and family history of cardiometabolic disease were associated with new onset NWMU. RESULTS: Of the 193 normal weight and metabolically healthy children at baseline, 45 (23%) became NWMU 2 years later (i.e., 48% had elevated HDL cholesterol, 13% had elevated triglycerides, and 4% had impaired fasting glucose). Changes in adiposity between baseline and follow-up were associated with an increased risk of NWMU for all adiposity measures examined (e.g., for ∆zBMI OR = 3.95; 95% CI: 1.76, 8.83). Similarly, a 2-year change in screen time was associated with incident NWMU status (OR = 1.24; 95% CI 1.04, 1.49). CONCLUSIONS: Children who increase their adiposity levels as they enter puberty, despite remaining normal weight, are at risk of developing cardiometabolic risk factors. Studies examining long-term consequences of NWMU profiles in pediatrics are needed to determine whether changes in screening practice are warranted.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: -
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 30 juin 2022 14:11
Dernière modification: 30 juin 2022 14:11
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/12455

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