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Febrile seizure incidence and age at first occurrence are associated with changes in placental normalized gene expression: the '3D' pregnancy cohort study

Thébault-Dagher, Fanny, Robles, Morgane, Herba, Catherine M., St-Pierre, Joey, Brochen, Celia, Muckle, Gina, Lupien, Sonia J., Séguin, Jean R., Fraser, William D., Vaillancourt, Cathy ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0543-6244 et Lippé, Sarah (2021). Febrile seizure incidence and age at first occurrence are associated with changes in placental normalized gene expression: the '3D' pregnancy cohort study Journal of Neuroendocrinology , vol. 33 , nº 10:e1304. p. 1-12. DOI: 10.1111/jne.13046.

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Résumé

Self-reported maternal prenatal stress (MPS) has been associated with earlier febrile seizure (FS) age of onset in offspring. Studies are needed to understand how the biological systems associated with exposure to psychological MPS are linked to seizure disorders in children. The present study aimed to investigate whether placental markers of MPS are linked to FS incidence and age at first occurrence. A subsample of children with FS (n = 28) and matched controls (n = 84), were drawn from the longitudinal 3D pregnancy cohort (N = 2366 mother-child dyads). Expression of placental genes associated with glucocorticoids, serotonin and fetal/placental growth were analysed from placental tissues, compared between groups and associated with age at first FS. Overall placental normalized gene expression was statistically different (p < .001). Children with FS showed overexpression of the serotonin transporter (mean difference = 0.61, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.9-1.13), connexin 43 (mean difference = 0.69, 95% CI = 0.30-1.09), zonula occludens-1 (mean difference = 0.84, 95% CI = 0.42-1.26) and underexpression of glucocorticoid receptor β (mean difference = 0.84, 95% CI = -1.49 to 0.19) and serotonin receptor 2B (mean difference = 1.57, 95% CI = -2.35 to 0.78) compared to controls. Increased expression of the serotonin transporter predicted 37.2% in variation of age at first FS. The correlation matrix showed pregnancy-specific anxiety during the second trimester was moderately associated with age at first FS (r = -0.38) but was not a significant predictor in the regression model. Although our current results do not display a significant effect of self-reported MPS on FS, the present study is the first to show that placental gene biomarkers usually known to be associated with MPS display different expressions in children with FS. Specifically, our results suggest that placental genes associated with the glucocorticoid, serotonergic and fetal/placental growth systems may be candidate mechanisms leading to increased vulnerability offspring in FS. Because self-reported MPS was not found as a significant predictor in our statistical models, future studies are needed to investigate the mechanisms causing the observed changes in placental genes and their association with seizure disorders.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Connexin 43; Glucocorticoid; Serotonin; Stress; Zonula Occludens-1
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 30 juin 2022 14:07
Dernière modification: 30 juin 2022 14:07
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/12450

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