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Killing two birds with one stone: Pregnancy is a sensitive window for endocrine effects on both the mother and the fetus

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Plante, Isabelle ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2080-6450, Winn, Louise M, Vaillancourt, Cathy ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0543-6244, Grigorova, Petya et Parent, Lise (2021). Killing two birds with one stone: Pregnancy is a sensitive window for endocrine effects on both the mother and the fetus Environmental Research , vol. 205 , nº 112435. p. 1-23. DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.112435.

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Résumé

Pregnancy is a complex process requiring tremendous physiological changes in the mother in order to fulfill the needs of the growing fetus, and to give birth, expel the placenta and nurse the newborn. These physiological modifications are accompanied with psychological changes, as well as with variations in habits and behaviors. As a result, this period of life is considered as a sensitive window as impaired functional and physiological changes in the mother can have short- and long-term impacts on her health. In addition, dysregulation of the placenta and of mechanisms governing placentation have been linked to chronic diseases later-on in life for the fetus, in a concept known as the Developmental Origin of Health and Diseases (DOHaD). This concept stipulates that any change in the environment during the pre-conception and perinatal (in utero life and neonatal) period to puberty, can be "imprinted" in the organism, thereby impacting the health and risk of chronic diseases later in life. Pregnancy is a succession of events that is regulated, in large part, by hormones and growth factors. Therefore, small changes in hormonal balance can have important effects on both the mother and the developing fetus. An increasing number of studies demonstrate that exposure to endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) affect both the mother and the fetus giving rise to growing concerns surrounding these exposures. This review will give an overview of changes that happen during pregnancy with respect to the mother, the placenta, and the fetus, and of the current literature regarding the effects of EDCs during this specific sensitive window of exposure.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Endocrine Disruptive Compounds; Exposure; Fetus; Mother; Placenta; Pregnancy
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 30 juin 2022 14:04
Dernière modification: 30 juin 2022 14:04
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/12419

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