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Classification and visualization of longitudinal patterns of medication dose: an application to interferon-beta-1a and amitriptyline in patients with multiple sclerosis

Mésidor, Miceline, Rousseau, Marie-Claude ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5215-8086, Duquette, Pierre et Sylvestre, Marie-Pierre (2021). Classification and visualization of longitudinal patterns of medication dose: an application to interferon-beta-1a and amitriptyline in patients with multiple sclerosis Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety , vol. 30 , nº 9. p. 1214-1223. DOI: 10.1002/pds.5297.

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Résumé

PURPOSE: Describing patterns of use, including changes in dose and interruptions is challenging. Group-based trajectory modelling (GBTM) can be used to identify individuals with similar dose patterns. We provide an intuitive graphical representation of dose patterns in groups identified using GBTM. We illustrate our approach using two drugs with different combinations of available dosages. METHODS: We drew data on patients with MS followed from 1977 to 2014 in Montréal using two sub-cohorts of subjects. A sub-cohort of patients taking interferon-beta-1a and another of patients taking amitriptyline were identified from the initial cohort. We use GBTM to identify groups of patients with homogeneous dose patterns for each of the two drugs. We compared the graphical representation obtained from the fitted values of GBTM with our proposed approach, which consisted of using step functions whose values corresponded to the mode. Differences in characteristics across groups were identified using chi-squares and analysis of variance, both weighted by the posterior probability of group membership. RESULTS: Seven patterns of dose were identified for interferon-beta-1a and five for amitriptyline. The graphical representations of the patterns of dose from GBTM included values outside of the prescribed doses and did not capture changes in dose as clearly as the proposed representation using step functions. CONCLUSION: Our proposed approach which is based on the mode at each visit in each pattern provides an intuitive and realistic representation of dose patterns in groups identified with GBTM.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Mitriptyline; Dose; Interferon-Beta-1a; Multiple; Patterns; Sclerosis; Step Functions
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 23 juin 2022 02:36
Dernière modification: 23 juin 2022 02:36
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/12389

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