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Cell-intrinsic Wnt4 promotes hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell self-renewal

Hétu-Arbour, Roxann, Tlili, Mouna, Ferreira, Fabio Luiz Bandeira, Abidin, Belma Melda, Kwarteng, Edward Owusu et Heinonen, Krista M. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2410-4432 (2021). Cell-intrinsic Wnt4 promotes hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell self-renewal Stem Cells , vol. 19 , nº 9. p. 1207-1220. DOI: 10.1002/stem.3385.

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Résumé

Although intracellular Wnt signaling pathways need to be tightly regulated to promote hematopoietic stem cell self-renewal, the source and identity of important Wnt ligands in the bone marrow is still largely unknown. The noncanonical ligand Wnt4 is expressed in the bone marrow as well as in the stroma, and its overexpression in fetal liver cells facilitates thymic recovery; however, its impact on adult hematopoietic stem cell function remains unclear. Here, we report that the deletion of Wnt4 from hematopoietic cells in mice (Wnt4(Δ/Δ) ) resulted in decreased lymphopoiesis at steady state. This was likely at least in part due to the increased proinflammatory environment present in the bone marrow of Wnt4(Δ/Δ) mice. Wnt4(Δ/Δ) hematopoietic stem cells displayed reduced reconstitution capacity in serial transplants, thus demonstrating defective self-renewal, and they expanded poorly in response to lipopolysaccharide stimulation. This appeared to be the result of the absence of Wnt4 in stem/progenitor cells, as myeloid-restricted Wnt4 deletion had no notable effect. Finally, we observed that Wnt4(Δ/Δ) stem/progenitor cells were more quiescent, presenting enhanced levels of stress-associated JNK phosphorylation and p16(INK4a) expression, likely contributing to the reduced expansion observed in transplants. In conclusion, our results identify a new, largely autocrine role for Wnt4 in hematopoietic stem cell self-renewal, suggesting that regulation of Wnt signaling in hematopoiesis may not need Wnt secretion and could be independent of morphogen gradients. © AlphaMed Press 2021 SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: Blood cell production in the adult is ensured by a small number of stem cells residing in the bone marrow. These stem cells can be "turned on" and increase blood formation when needed by a combination of factors present in their environment together with others that are produced by the stem cells themselves. The authors' results identify the protein Wnt4 as a factor whose expression by the blood forming cells greatly favors their accumulation in a situation of intense blood cell production. The authors' data thus put forward Wnt4 as a candidate to promote blood cell production, for example, after chemotherapy.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Wnt Signaling; Bone Marrow Transplant; Hematopoietic Recovery; Hematopoietic Stem Cells; Lipopolysaccharide
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 23 juin 2022 02:28
Dernière modification: 23 juin 2022 02:28
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/12348

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