Dépôt numérique
RECHERCHER

Locating illicit discharges in storm sewers in urban areas using multi-parameter source tracking: Field validation of a toolbox composite index to prioritize high risk areas

Hachad, Mounia, Lanoue, Martine, Duy, Sung Vo, Villemur, Richard ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9768-8937, Sauvé, Sébastien, Prévost, Michèle et Dorner, Sarah (2021). Locating illicit discharges in storm sewers in urban areas using multi-parameter source tracking: Field validation of a toolbox composite index to prioritize high risk areas The Science of the Total Environment , vol. 811 , nº 152060. p. 1-10. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.152060.

Ce document n'est pas hébergé sur EspaceINRS.

Résumé

In urban areas served by separate sewerage systems, illicit connections to the storm drain system from residences or commercial establishments are frequent whether these misconnections were made accidentally or deliberately. As a result, untreated and contaminated wastewater enters into storm sewers leading to pollution of receiving waters and non-compliance with water quality standards. Typical procedures for detecting illicit connections to the storm sewer system are time consuming and expensive, especially in a highly urbanised area. In this study, we investigated the use of human wastewater micropollutants WWMPs (caffeine, theophylline, and carbamazepine) and advanced DNA molecular markers (human specific Bacteroides HF183 and mitochondrial DNA) as anthropogenic tracers in order to assist identifying potential cross connections. Water samples from storm outfalls and storm sewer pipes in three urban subcatchments were collected in dry weather from 2013 to 2018. All samples contained various concentrations of these markers especially HF183, caffeine and theophylline, suggesting that the storm pipe system studied is widely contaminated by sanitary sewers. None of the traditional indicators or markers tested is sufficient alone to determine the origin of fecal pollution. In a highly urbanised area, the combination of at least three specific human markers was needed in order to locate the residential section with likely misconnections. The human specific Bacteroides HF183, and theophylline appeared to be the most effective markers (along with E. coli) of crossconnections, whereas carbamazepine can provide an indication of contamination through sanitary sewer exfiltration. A composite sewer cross-connection index was developed, and eight misconnected houses were identified and corrected. The index approach enables the reduction of false positives that could lead to expensive interventions to identify cross-connected households. The results show the multiparameter source tracking toolbox as an effective method to identify sewer cross connections for sustainable storm water management.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Chemical Source Tracking; Cross-connection; Illicit Discharges; Microbial Source Tracking; Outfalls; Stormwater
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 23 juin 2022 02:27
Dernière modification: 23 juin 2022 02:27
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/12343

Actions (Identification requise)

Modifier la notice Modifier la notice