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Cerebral apolipoprotein d exits the brain and accumulates in peripheral tissues


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Desmarais, Frederik; Hervé, Vincent; Bergeron, Karl F; Ravaut, Gaétan; Perrotte, Morgane; Fyfe-Desmarais, Guillaume; Rassart, Éric; Ramassamy, Charles ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3252-5878 et Mounier, Catherine (2021). Cerebral apolipoprotein d exits the brain and accumulates in peripheral tissues International Journal of Molecular Sciences , vol. 22 , nº 8:4118. pp. 1-18. DOI: 10.3390/ijms22084118.

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Apolipoprotein D (ApoD) is a secreted lipocalin associated with neuroprotection and lipid metabolism. In rodent, the bulk of its expression occurs in the central nervous system. Despite this, ApoD has profound effects in peripheral tissues, indicating that neural ApoD may reach peripheral organs. We endeavor to determine if cerebral ApoD can reach the circulation and accumulate in peripheral tissues. Three hours was necessary for over 40% of all the radiolabeled human ApoD (hApoD), injected bilaterally, to exit the central nervous system (CNS). Once in circulation, hApoD accumulates mostly in the kidneys/urine, liver, and muscles. Accumulation specificity of hApoD in these tissues was strongly correlated with the expression of lowly glycosylated basigin (BSG, CD147). hApoD was observed to pass through bEnd.3 blood brain barrier endothelial cells monolayers. However, cyclophilin A did not impact hApoD internalization rates in bEnd.3, indicating that ApoD exit from the brain is either independent of BSG or relies on additional cell types. Overall, our data showed that ApoD can quickly and efficiently exit the CNS and reach the liver and kidneys/urine, organs linked to the recycling and excretion of lipids and toxins. This indicated that cerebral overexpression during neurodegenerative episodes may serve to evacuate neurotoxic ApoD ligands from the CNS. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Apolipoprotein D; Basigin; Blood-Brain Barrier; Protein Accumulation
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 22 juin 2022 19:27
Dernière modification: 22 juin 2022 19:27
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/12328

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