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The RADARSAT Constellation Mission Core Applications: First Results.


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Dabboor, Mohammed; Olthof, Ian; Mahdianpari, Masoud; Mohammadimanesh, Fariba; Shokr, Mohammed; Brisco, Brian et Homayouni, Saeid ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0214-5356 (2022). The RADARSAT Constellation Mission Core Applications: First Results. Remote Sensing , vol. 14 , nº 2. p. 301. DOI: 10.3390/rs14020301.

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The Canadian RADARSAT Constellation Mission (RCM) has passed its early operation phase with the performance evaluation being currently active. This evaluation aims to confirm that the innovative design of the mission’s synthetic aperture radar (SAR) meets the expectations of intended users. In this study, we provide an overview of initial results obtained for three high-priority applications; flood mapping, sea ice analysis, and wetland classification. In our study, the focus is on results obtained using not only linear polarization, but also the adopted Compact Polarimetric (CP) architecture in RCM. Our study shows a promising level of agreement between RCM and RADARSAT-2 performance in flood mapping using dual-polarized HH-HV SAR data over Red River, Manitoba, suggesting smooth continuity between the two satellite missions for operational flood mapping. Visual analysis of coincident RCM CP and RADARSAT-2 dual-polarized HH-HV SAR imagery over the Resolute Passage, Canadian Central Arctic, highlighted an improved contrast between sea ice classes in dry ice winter conditions. A statistical analysis using selected sea ice samples confirmed the increased contrast between thin and both rough and deformed ice in CP SAR. This finding is expected to enhance Canadian Ice Service’s (CIS) operational visual analysis of sea ice in RCM SAR imagery for ice chart production. Object-oriented classification of a wetland area in Newfoundland and Labrador by fusion of RCM dual-polarized VV-VH data and Sentinel-2 optical imagery revealed promising classification results, with an overall accuracy of 91.1% and a kappa coefficient of 0.87. Marsh presented the highest user’s and producer’s accuracies (87.77% and 82.08%, respectively) compared to fog, fen, and swamp.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: SAR; RCM; compact polarimetry; flood; sea ice; wetland
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 09 févr. 2022 15:29
Dernière modification: 09 févr. 2022 15:29
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/12244

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