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Electrochemical degradation of nanoplastics in water: Analysis of the role of reactive oxygen species.

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Kiendrebeogo, Marthe, Karimi Estahbanati, Mahmood Reza, Ouarda, Yassine, Drogui, Patrick ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3802-2729 et Tyagi, Rajeshwar Dayal (2022). Electrochemical degradation of nanoplastics in water: Analysis of the role of reactive oxygen species. Science of The Total Environment , vol. 808 . p. 151897. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.151897.

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Résumé

La transcription des symboles et des caractères spéciaux utilisés dans la version originale de ce résumé n’a pas été possible en raison de limitations techniques. La version correcte de ce résumé peut être lue dans le document original.

Microplastics and nanoplastics (NPs) are emerging water contaminants which have recently gained lots of attention because of their effects on the aquatic systems and human life. Most of the previous works on the treatment of plastic pollution in water have been focused on microplastics and a very limited study has been performed on the NPs treatment. In this work, the role of main reactive oxygen species (ROSs) in the electrooxidation (EO) and electro-peroxidation (EO-H2O2) of NPs in water is investigated. In-situ generation of hydroxyl radicals (•OH), persulfates (S2O82−), and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) were performed using boron-doped diamond (BDD) as the anode, whereas titanium (in EO process) and carbon felt (CF, in EO-H2O2 process) were used as cathode. In the EO process, NPs were mainly oxidized by two types of ROSs on the BDD surface: (i) •OH from water discharge and (ii) SO4•− via S2O82− reaction with •OH. In EO-H2O2 process, NPs were additionally degraded by •OH formed from H2O2 decomposition as well as SO4•− generated from direct or indirect reactions with H2O2. Analysis of the degradation of NPs showed that EO-H2O2 process was around 2.6 times more effective than EO process. The optimum amount of NPs degradation efficiency of 86.8% was obtained using EO-H2O2 process at the current density of 36 mA·cm−2, 0.03 M Na2SO4, pH of 2, and 40 min reaction time. In addition, 3D EEM fluorescence analysis confirmed the degradation of NPs. Finally, the economic analysis showed the treatment of NPs using EO-H2O2 process had an operating cost of 2.3 $US.m−3, which was around 10 times less than the EO process. This study demonstrated that the in-situ generation of ROSs can significantly enhance the degradation of NPs in water.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: nanoplastic; polystyrene; water treatment; electrooxidation H₂O₂ electrogeneration; degradation
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 09 févr. 2022 15:36
Dernière modification: 09 févr. 2022 15:36
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/12221

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