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A Non-Stationary Heat Spell Frequency, Intensity, and Duration Model for France, Integrating Teleconnection Patterns and Climate Change.

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Hamdi, Yasser, Charron, Christian et Ouarda, Taha B. M. J. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0969-063X (2021). A Non-Stationary Heat Spell Frequency, Intensity, and Duration Model for France, Integrating Teleconnection Patterns and Climate Change. Atmosphere , vol. 12 , nº 11. p. 1387. DOI: 10.3390/atmos12111387.

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Résumé

The warming observed over the past summers since 2000 is unprecedented in climate records in Europe and especially in France. Extreme temperatures and heat spells were often analyzed in the literature by applying extreme value theory but rarely in a non-stationary (NS) framework and duration modeling is often excluded. For a modern risk-based approach, it is important to have knowledge of the duration, magnitude, and frequency of occurrence of heat spells in a climate variability and change context. Yet, despite their obvious importance, teleconnections and associated climate indices (CIs) have often been excluded from heat spell modelling. The notion of duration is also not easily interpretable in a frequency analysis and can even be subtle, especially in a NS context. In this study, we used time-varying statistical distributions with parameters conditional on covariates representing the time and CIs. The daily maximum temperatures (DMTs) observed at the Orange and Dijon stations in France were used as a case study. This paper highlights a possible relationship between some large-scale climate patterns and the heat spells in France. Overall, the results suggest that considering the combined effect of global warming and these patterns in NS models is useful for a more appropriate characterization of the hazard heat spells in France.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: extreme temperatures; heat spells; non-stationarity; generalized pareto distribution; teleconnection patterns; climate change
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 09 févr. 2022 15:42
Dernière modification: 09 févr. 2022 15:43
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/12212

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