Dépôt numérique

Defining river thermal sensitivity as a function of climate.

Boyer, Claudine; St-Hilaire, André et Bergeron, Normand ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2413-6810 (2021). Defining river thermal sensitivity as a function of climate. River Research and Applications , vol. 37 , nº 10. pp. 1548-1561. DOI: 10.1002/rra.3862.

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Water temperature is increasingly acknowledged as a key variable for the sustainable management of lotic environments. Thermal variability in rivers dictates in large part the ecosystem functions of these water bodies. River thermal sensitivity (TS), defined in this work as the value of the regression slope between water and air temperature (Tair) measurements, is often used to determine how river temperature regime is expected to vary as climate evolves. This study proposes a method to contextualize climate conditions during the river temperature-monitoring period in order to define a common basis to compare TS values calculated for different stations distributed across various climatic regions in the province of Québec (Canada). Nine climate classes were defined based on Tair and precipitation. Annual climate conditions were classified according to their anomalies compared to a reference period (1981–2010). For the reference climate class (“Normal–Normal” conditions), results indicate contrasted summer TS values between Québec rivers and within rivers. Furthermore, observed summer TS variations between climate classes underline the need to account for climate conditions when studying spatial variations in river thermal sensitivity. Climate contextualization also allows us to study the potential role of previous conditions. Rivers were grouped according to their drainage basins characteristics to examine spatial variability in TS for the chosen reference climate conditions. River slope, station elevation and geographic location partly explained TS spatial variability. Useful proxies are needed to describe the relative contribution of groundwater to river temperature and to potentially improve the group classification results.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: climate; river; river thermal sensitivity; temperature
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 15 oct. 2021 18:13
Dernière modification: 14 févr. 2022 20:10
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/12040

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