Dépôt numérique

Environmental modulators of diluted bitumen effects in juvenile pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha).

Lin, Feng, Baillon, Lucie, Langlois, Valérie S. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4031-6838 et Kennedy, Christopher J. (2021). Environmental modulators of diluted bitumen effects in juvenile pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha). Marine Environmental Research , vol. 169 . p. 105392. DOI: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2021.105392.

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Recent and potential expansions in the transportation of diluted bitumen (dilbit) through marine terminals in coastal regions of British Columbia require the examination of potential risks to estuarine species such as Pacific salmon. The estuarine habitat of out-migrated pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) exhibits dynamic temperature and salinity regimes, possibly modifying dilbit exposure, bioavailability and/or its effects. To examine dilbit toxicity and its modification by environmental stressors, juvenile pinks were subchronically exposed for 3 months to the water-accommodated fraction (WAF) of Cold Lake Blend dilbit (winter) in seawater at three salinities (7, 14, and 28‰ [temperature 12.5 °C]) and three temperatures (8.5, 12.5, and 16.5 °C [salinity of 28‰]). Temperature and salinity alone did not affect any measured endpoints in control fish. Dilbit exposure induced higher mortality at high (16.5 °C) and low temperatures (8.5 °C) as well as at higher salinity (28‰) in fish exposed to the highest dilution of WAF [total polycyclic aromatic compounds (TPAC) = 128.9 μg/L]. A concentration-dependent reduction of growth was evident in fish exposed to the medium (TPAC = 97.3 μg/L) and high dilution of WAF at higher temperatures (12.5 and 16.5 °C) and high salinity (28‰). At 28‰, swimming performance (Uburst) was decreased in fish exposed to the highest concentration of dilbit at all 3 temperatures. Gill Na⁺-K⁺-ATPase activity, white muscle lactate, glycogen, and triglyceride concentrations were altered by dilbit exposure and modified by temperature and salinity. In addition, gene expression associated with phase I biotransformation, energy metabolism, mitochondrial activity, and inflammation showed significant upregulation with exposure and temperature stress. Dilbit exposure at PAC concentrations in the ppb range, affected pink salmon at the molecular, biochemical, and whole organism level; effects that were exacerbated by environmental temperature and salinity.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: diluted bitumen; pink salmon; salinity; temperature; toxicity
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 15 oct. 2021 18:04
Dernière modification: 10 févr. 2022 21:23
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/12025

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