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Immobilization of nitrifying bacteria on composite based on polymers and eggshells for nitrate production.

Chaali, Mona, Rivera Ortiz, Hugo Alejandro, Cano, Beatriz Delgado, Brar, Satinder Kaur, Ramirez, Antonio Avalos, Arriaga, Sonia et Heitz, Michèle (2021). Immobilization of nitrifying bacteria on composite based on polymers and eggshells for nitrate production. Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering , vol. 131 , nº 6. p. 663-670. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiosc.2021.01.010.

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Résumé

Nitrification is a key step in biological nitrogen transformation which depends on the performance of specialized microorganisms. Generally, nitrifying bacteria present a low growth rate and performance which can be improved when immobilized as a biofilm. The development of new materials suitable for the immobilization of nitrifying microorganisms is very important in nitrification and wastewater treatment. In this study, the effect of eggshell powder on biofilm formation by Nitrosomonas europaea an ammonium-oxidizing bacteria and Nitrobacter vulgaris a nitrite-oxidizing bacteria, on new polymeric supports were analyzed. Polylactic acid, polyvinyl chloride and polystyrene were tested to produce polymer-eggshells powder composites and used as biofilm supports for nitrifying bacteria. The support material was characterized to identify the most suitable polymer-eggshells powder combination for the cell adhesion and biofilm formation. The nitrification results showed a highest nitrate production of 42 mg NO₃⁻₋N/L with polylactic acid-eggshell composite, with the best surface properties for cellular adhesion. Finally, scanning electron microscopy micrographs confirmed the best biofilm formed on polylactic acid-eggshell.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: microbial immobilization; nitrification; composite; polymers; eggshells
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 15 oct. 2021 17:42
Dernière modification: 15 oct. 2021 17:42
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/12007

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