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Selenium speciation and bioavailability from mine discharge to the environment: a field study in Northern Quebec, Canada.

Etteieb, Selma, Magdouli, Sara, Komtchou, Simon Pierre, Zolfaghari, Mehdi, Tanabene, Rayen, Brar, Kamalpreet Kaur, Calugaru, luliana Laura et Brar, Satinder Kaur (2021). Selenium speciation and bioavailability from mine discharge to the environment: a field study in Northern Quebec, Canada. Environmental Science and Pollution Research , vol. 28 , nº 36. p. 50799-50812. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-021-14335-1.

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Résumé

The speciation, behaviour, and bioavailability of released selenium (Se) from mine effluent discharge to sediments and plants were assessed. Discharged mine effluent containing 65±0.9 μg/L of total Se subsequently contaminated the exposed sediment with an average total Se concentration of 321 mg/kg as well as exposed Typha latifolia plants where 534 and 92 mg/kg were found in roots and leaves, respectively. The strategy of T. latifolia in Se phytoremediation consisted of a phytostabilization and accumulation of Se predominantly in roots. Se plant root uptake was promoted by synergistic effects of Cu, Pb, Zn, and Cd while Co, Fe, Mn, Ni, Na, K, and Mg had antagonistic effects. Se plant uptake was also governed by sediment characteristics mainly pH, total Se, and iron concentration. Se speciation results demonstrated that the most accumulated Se species by T. latifolia roots were selenite and selenomethionine with average concentrations of 2.68 and 2.04 mg/kg respectively while other Se species were the most translocated (average translocation factor of 1.89). Se speciation in roots was positively correlated with sediment pH, organic matter, electrical conductivity, and iron concentration. This study confirms deploying corrective measures for mine effluent treatment before discharge in a sediment-plant environment to protect living organisms from toxic effects. T. latifolia is recommended as a Se-hyperaccumulator to be used for mine soil phytoremediation in cold regions in Canada.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: heavy metals; mine effluent; plant; sediment; selenium; speciation
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 15 oct. 2021 13:25
Dernière modification: 15 oct. 2021 13:25
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/11991

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