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Isotopic Analyses Fingerprint Sources of Polycyclic Aromatic Compound-Bearing Dust in Athabasca Oil Sands Region Snowpack.

Ahad, Jason M. E., Pakdel, Hooshang, Labarre, Thibault, Cooke, Colin A., Gammon, Paul et Savard, Martine M. (2021). Isotopic Analyses Fingerprint Sources of Polycyclic Aromatic Compound-Bearing Dust in Athabasca Oil Sands Region Snowpack. Environmental Science & Technology , vol. 55 , nº 9. p. 5887-5897. DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.0c08339.

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Résumé

Fugitive dust associated with surface mining activities is one of the principal vectors for transport of airborne contaminants in Canada’s Athabasca oil sands region (AOSR). Effective environmental management requires quantitative identification of the sources of this dust. Using natural abundance radiocarbon (Δ¹⁴C) and dual (δ¹³C, δ²H) compound-specific isotope analysis (CSIA), this study investigated the sources of dust and particulate-bound polycyclic aromatic compounds (PACs) deposited in AOSR lake snowpack. Lower Δ¹⁴C values, higher particulate and PAC loadings, and lower δ¹³C values for phenanthrene and C1-alkylated phenanthrenes/anthracenes (C1-Phen) at sites closer to the mining operations indicated unprocessed oil sand and/or petroleum coke (petcoke–a byproduct of bitumen upgrading) as major sources of anthropogenic fugitive dust. However, a Bayesian isotopic mixing model that incorporated both δ¹³C and δ²H could discriminate petcoke from oil sand, and determined that petcoke comprised between 44 and 95% (95% credibility intervals) of a C1-Phen isomer at lakes <25 km from the heart of the mining operations, making it by far the most abundant source. This study is the first to demonstrate the potential of CSIA to provide accurate PAC source apportionment in snowpack and reveals that petcoke rather than oil sand is the main source of mining-related particulate PACs deposited directly to AOSR lakes.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: oil sands; radiocarbon; petcoke; compound-specific isotope analysis; PAHs
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 15 oct. 2021 17:40
Dernière modification: 15 oct. 2021 17:40
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/11983

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