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Deep Learning-Based Estimation of Crop Biophysical Parameters Using Multi-Source and Multi-Temporal Remote Sensing Observations.


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Bahrami, Hazhir, Homayouni, Saeid ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0214-5356, Safari, Abdolreza, Mirzaei, Sayeh, Mahdianpari, Masoud et Reisi-Gahrouei, Omid (2021). Deep Learning-Based Estimation of Crop Biophysical Parameters Using Multi-Source and Multi-Temporal Remote Sensing Observations. Agronomy , vol. 11 , nº 7. p. 1363. DOI: 10.3390/agronomy11071363.

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Remote sensing data are considered as one of the primary data sources for precise agriculture. Several studies have demonstrated the excellent capability of radar and optical imagery for crop mapping and biophysical parameter estimation. This paper aims at modeling the crop biophysical parameters, e.g., Leaf Area Index (LAI) and biomass, using a combination of radar and optical Earth observations. We extracted several radar features from polarimetric Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data and Vegetation Indices (VIs) from optical images to model crops’ LAI and dry biomass. Then, the mutual correlations between these features and Random Forest feature importance were calculated. We considered two scenarios to estimate crop parameters. First, Machine Learning (ML) algorithms, e.g., Support Vector Regression (SVR), Random Forest (RF), Gradient Boosting (GB), and Extreme Gradient Boosting (XGB), were utilized to estimate two crop biophysical parameters. To this end, crops’ dry biomass and LAI were estimated using three input data; (1) SAR polarimetric features; (2) spectral VIs; (3) integrating both SAR and optical features. Second, a deep artificial neural network was created. These input data were fed to the mentioned algorithms and evaluated using the in-situ measurements. These observations of three cash crops, including soybean, corn, and canola, have been collected over Manitoba, Canada, during the Soil Moisture Active Validation Experimental 2012 (SMAPVEX-12) campaign. The results showed that GB and XGB have great potential in parameter estimation and remarkably improved accuracy. Our results also demonstrated a significant improvement in the dry biomass and LAI estimation compared to the previous studies. For LAI, the validation Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) was reported as 0.557 m²/m² for canola using GB, and 0.298 m²/m² for corn using GB, 0.233 m²/m² for soybean using XGB. RMSE was reported for dry biomass as 26.29 g/m² for canola utilizing SVR, 57.97 g/m² for corn using RF, and 5.00 g/m² for soybean using GB. The results revealed that the deep artificial neural network had a better potential to estimate crop parameters than the ML algorithms.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: crop biomass; Leaf Area Index; earth observations; Synthetic Aperture Radar; optical images; machine learning algorithms; SMAPVEX-12
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 15 sept. 2021 17:39
Dernière modification: 08 févr. 2022 21:53
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/11934

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