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Thorium Exposure Drives Fatty Acid and Metal Transfer from Biofilms to the Grazer Lymnaea sp.


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Doose, Caroline; Fadhlaoui, Mariem; Morin, Soizic et Fortin, Claude ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2479-1869 (2021). Thorium Exposure Drives Fatty Acid and Metal Transfer from Biofilms to the Grazer Lymnaea sp. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry , vol. 40 , nº 8. pp. 2220-2228. DOI: 10.1002/etc.5067.

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Aquatic ecotoxicological risks associated with tetravalent metallic elements such as thorium (Th) are still poorly understood. Periphytic biofilm represents an important food source in aquatic environments; thus, such risks could severely affect nutrient and energy cycling in these ecosystems. The present study investigated the potential for Th to change the fatty acid composition of biofilm communities. Bioaccumulation of Th and fatty acids were measured after 4 wk to 2 exposure conditions: a control (C0) and Th exposure (C10). Some major fatty acids such as C16:1n-7 and docosahexaenoic acid C22:6n-3 differed significantly between control and C10 conditions. To determine if Th can be trophically transferred and to investigate the impacts of nutritional quality changes on primary consumers, common pond snails (Lymnaea sp.) were fed for 4 wk with control and Th-exposed biofilm. Thorium appeared to be trophically transferable to the grazers, although we cannot exclude that part of the Th accumulated by the snails may have been taken from the water through release from the biofilms. The composition of major fatty acids observed in the grazers was also significantly affected, notably by a decrease of total polyunsaturated fatty acids. These results indicate that very low Th concentrations can decrease the nutritional quality of organisms at the base of the food chain.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: food chain; freshwater toxicology; grazers; metal toxicity; periphytic biofilm; thorium; trace metals; trophic transfer
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 15 sept. 2021 17:42
Dernière modification: 10 avr. 2022 04:00
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/11930

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