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Circulating extracellular vesicles as an emerging tool for the early detection of Alzheimer’s disease or other dementia

ben Khedher, Mohamed Raâfet, Haddad, Mohamed, Laurin, Danièle et Ramassamy, Charles . Circulating extracellular vesicles as an emerging tool for the early detection of Alzheimer’s disease or other dementia In: Alzheimer’s Association International Conference (AACI), 27-31 July 2020, virtuel.

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Résumé

Background: Alzheimer disease (AD) and vascular dementia (VaD) are the most common form of dementia worldwide. Actually, the search for early peripheral biomarkers for AD and other dementia represent a great challenge. Exosomes or extracellular vesicles (EVs) are key players in cerebral function. We have demonstrated that the levels of some pathogenic proteins related to AD (amyloid, Tau..) were higher in circulating EVs (pEVs) than in plasma with a differential regulation in controls, mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and AD patients. However, it is not clear whether these changes are specific to AD or other dementia subtypes. Our prospective study aims to identify, in pEVs and in plasma, early specific biomarkers in pre-clinical cognitively impaired non demented patients (CIND) that develop different types of dementia.

Method: pEVs were isolated from plasma of healthy volunteers, AD patients and CIND patients stratified according to the type of dementia these patients develop five years after as follows: CIND, CIND-AD, CIND-VaD and CIND-mixed dementia. EVs were characterized by NTA analysis, transmission electron microscopy and western-blot measurement of vesicular proteins such as TSG101 and CD63. The selected brain-specific proteins were assessed by Luminex assay.

Result: Our results showed that pEVs display a better discriminating capacity than plasma for most of the studied proteins. DJ-1 and NSE concentration in EVs were increased in CIND-VaD patients but not in CIND-AD suggesting their utility as early markers for VaD. The levels of ANGPTL-4, lipocalin and α-synuclein in pEVs were able to discriminate specifically the apparent-stages of AD. The α-synuclein/DJ-1 ratio measured in pEVs was reduced in all groups and could not provide a fair classification of dementia subtypes. In addition, the levels of APP, MMP-9, progranulin S100B and pentraxin-2 were unchanged in pEVs and plasma.

Conclusion: The present work show that several proteins contained in pEVs are differently expressed depending on the type of dementia and prompt the use of pEVs in early dementia diagnosis.

Acknowledgements: This work was supported by the Chaire Louise andAndré on Alzheimer’s disease, Foundation Armand-Frappier (CR) and CIHR grant (TF).

Type de document: Document issu d'une conférence ou d'un atelier
Informations complémentaires: Affiche scientifique Alzheimer’s Dementia 2020;16(Suppl. 4):e041215 DOI: 10.1002/alz.044074
Mots-clés libres: -
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 14 juill. 2021 15:41
Dernière modification: 14 juill. 2021 15:41
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/11871

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