Dépôt numérique

Microbial indicators are better predictors of wheat yield and quality than N fertilization

Yergeau, Étienne ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7112-3425, Quiza, Liliana et Tremblay, Julien (2019). Microbial indicators are better predictors of wheat yield and quality than N fertilization FEMS Microbiology Ecology , vol. 96 , nº 2: fiz20. p. 1-13. DOI: 10.1093/femsec/fiz205.

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In view of their key roles in many soil and plant-related processes, we hypothesized that soil microorganisms could play a larger role in determining wheat baking quality than nitrogen fertilization. A field experiment was conducted under bread wheat production conditions, where different fertilization treatments, ranging from 0-120 kg/ha NH4NO3, were applied. Soil samples were taken in May, June and July. Functional genes in the nitrogen cycle were quantified and amplicons of the 16S rRNA gene and the ITS region were sequenced. Wheat yields were measured, and the grain baking quality was analysed for each plot. Fertilisation did not significantly influence the yields and the grain quality. Many bacterial and fungal Amplicon Sequence Variants (ASVs) showed significant positive or negative correlations with yield and grain baking quality parameters. Among the functional gene quantified, the archaeal amoA showed strong negative correlations with the wheat yields and many grain and flour quality parameters. Regression models were able to explain up to 81% of the variability in grain quality based on the microbial data from the May sampling. A better understanding of the microbiology of wheat fields could lead to an optimized management of the N fertilization to maximize yields and grain quality.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: -
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 18 juill. 2021 23:00
Dernière modification: 14 févr. 2022 19:12
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/11716

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