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A new imaging entity consistent with partial ectopic posterior pituitary gland: report of six cases

Ybarra, Marina, Hafiz, Rawan, Robinson, Marie-Ève, von Oettingen, Julia, Bui, Helen et Saint-Martin, Christine (2019). A new imaging entity consistent with partial ectopic posterior pituitary gland: report of six cases Pediatric Radiology , vol. 50 , nº 1. p. 107-115. DOI: 10.1007/s00247-019-04502-5.

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Résumé

BACKGROUND: Abnormal posterior pituitary development including ectopic location has been associated with endocrine manifestations of anterior pituitary dysfunction.

OBJECTIVE: We describe an unreported clinical and radiologic entity we call partial ectopic posterior pituitary for which associated endocrine consequences are not known.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We selected pediatric head MRI examinations from 2005 to 2017 based on the finding of a double midline sellar and suprasellar bright spot on T1-weighted sequence. Medical history, physical examination, pituitary hormonal profile and bone age evaluation were extracted from the medical record of the selected patients. An experienced pediatric neuroradiologist reviewed head MRIs, which were performed on 3-tesla (T) magnet and included at least sagittal T1-weighted imaging centered on the sella turcica obtained with and without fat suppression.

RESULTS: In six cases, two midline bright spots were identified on T1-weighted sequences obtained both with and without fat suppression. While one spot was located at the expected site of the neurohypophysis in the posterior sella, the second one was in the region of the median eminence, suggesting partial ectopic posterior pituitary gland. Growth hormone deficiency, either isolated (n=1) or combined with thyroid stimulating hormone deficiency (n=1) was found. None of the children had clinical signs of posterior pituitary dysfunction.

CONCLUSION: We describe an unreported imaging entity suggesting partial ectopic posterior pituitary gland in six children. Anterior pituitary hormone deficiencies might be detected in those children and long-term follow-up could provide additional information on the development of other pituitary hormone deficiencies.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Children; Ectopic; Endocrine; Growth hormone; Magnetic resonance imaging; Pituitary gland; Posterior pituitary
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 20 juill. 2021 21:37
Dernière modification: 20 juill. 2021 21:37
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/11715

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