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Excess body weight as a predictor of response to treatment with antidepressants in patients with depressive disorder

Puzhko, Svetlana, Aboushawareb, Sarah A E, Kudrina, Irina, Schuster, Tibor, Barnett, Tracie A, Renoux, Christel et Bartlett, Gillian (2020). Excess body weight as a predictor of response to treatment with antidepressants in patients with depressive disorder Journal of Affective Disorders , vol. 267 . p. 153-170. DOI: 0.1016/j.jad.2020.01.113.

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Résumé

BACKGROUND: Depression and obesity are debilitating conditions representing an enormous health and economic burden worldwide. Depression is common among patients with excess weight, but more importantly, these patients may be at risk for poor response when treated with antidepressant medications (AD).

METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive scoping review to summarize the evidence regarding the difference in response to treatment of depression with AD among patients with excess weight as compared to normal weight patients and to identify knowledge gaps.

RESULTS: The search of the Medline and PsycINFO (2004-2019) identified twelve relevant studies. Tabulation and frequency analysis of the charted data along with a narrative synthesis were performed. Nine studies (75%) reported clinically relevant negative association between patients' high BMI or obesity and treatment response to either nortriptyline, fluoxetine, or various AD; one study (8.3%) reported no difference in response to various AD combinations between BMI groups. One study showed benefits of bupropion and escitalopram combination in patients with morbid obesity (BMI > 35 kg/m(2)) as compared with escitalopram monotherapy. Another study reported benefits when using venlafaxine-XR in patients with morbid obesity. We also acknowledge the possible role of sex and genetic factors predicting AD treatment response.

LIMITATIONS: The search was restricted to two most relevant sources, publications in four languages and adult population.

CONCLUSION: The synthesized data may be useful to physicians in their decision regarding the choice of AD in patients with excess weight. Researchers need to address causality of association between obesity and treatment response to individual AD types.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: -
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 20 juill. 2021 21:27
Dernière modification: 20 juill. 2021 21:27
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/11667

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