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Development and Validation of the Reasons to Exergame (RTEX) Scale in Young Adults: Exploratory Factors Analysis

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O'Loughlin, Erin, Sabiston, Catherine M., Kakinami, Lisa, McGrath, Jennifer, Consalvo, Mia, O'Loughlin, Jennifer et Barnett, Tracie A (2020). Development and Validation of the Reasons to Exergame (RTEX) Scale in Young Adults: Exploratory Factors Analysis JMIR Serious Games , vol. 8 , nº 2:e16261. p. 1-12. DOI: 10.2196/16261.

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Résumé

BACKGROUND: Exergaming is associated with positive health benefits; however, little is known about what motivates young people to exergame.

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop a new Reasons to Exergame (RTEX) scale and describe its psychometric properties (Study 1) including test-retest reliability (Study 2). We also examined the test-retest reliability of self-report exergaming behavior measures (Study 2).

METHODS: We identified scale items in consultation with experts. In Study 1, we conducted an Exploratory Factor Analysis of RTEX and examined how the factors identified relate to exergaming frequency and intensity in a population-based sample of 272 young adults. In Study 2, we examined the test-retest reliability of RTEX factors and self-report measures of past-week exergaming frequency and intensity among 147 college students.

RESULTS: We identified four factors in RTEX: exergaming for fitness, exergaming for enjoyment, preferring exergaming over other gaming options, and choosing exergaming over competing interests (eg, sports). Test-retest reliability of RTEX factors (ICC 0.7-0.8) and self-report exergaming frequency (ICC 0.4-0.9) was adequate. Exergaming for fitness and enjoyment were positively associated with the frequency of exergaming with friends and family, and with exergaming intensity. Preferring exergaming over other gaming options and choosing exergaming over competing interests (eg, sports) were not related to exergaming behavior.

CONCLUSIONS: RTEX is a psychometrically sound scale with four factors that measure reasons to exergame. Replication of these findings is needed in larger, more diverse samples.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: exergaming; motivation; scale; young adults; youth
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 20 juill. 2021 04:19
Dernière modification: 20 juill. 2021 04:19
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/11654

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