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Quorum Sensing Controls Both Rhamnolipid and Polyhydroxyalkanoate Production in Burkholderia thailandensis Through ScmR Regulation

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Martinez, Sarah, Humery, Adeline, Groleau, Marie-Christine et Déziel, Éric ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4609-0115 (2020). Quorum Sensing Controls Both Rhamnolipid and Polyhydroxyalkanoate Production in Burkholderia thailandensis Through ScmR Regulation Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology , vol. 8 , nº 1033. p. 1-15. DOI: 10.3389/fbioe.2020.01033.

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Résumé

Rhamnolipids are surface-active agents of microbial origin used as alternatives to synthetic surfactants. Burkholderia thailandensis is a non-pathogenic rhamnolipid-producing bacterium that could represent an interesting candidate for use in commercial processes. However, current bioprocesses for rhamnolipid production by this bacterium are not efficient enough, mainly due to low yields. Since regulation of rhamnolipid biosynthesis in B. thailandensis remains poorly understood, identifying new regulatory factors could help increase the production of these valuable metabolites. We performed a random transposon mutagenesis screening to identify genes directing rhamnolipid production in B. thailandensis E264. The most efficient rhamnolipid producer we identified harbored an inactivating transposon insertion in the scmR gene, which was recently described to encode as a secondary metabolite regulator in B. thailandensis. We investigated the impact of scmR loss on rhamnolipid biosynthesis and cell growth. Because biosynthesis of rhamnolipids and polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) could share the same pool of lipid precursors, we also investigate the effect of ScmR on PHA production. We found that production of both rhamnolipids and PHAs are modulated by ScmR during the logarithmic growth phase and demonstrate that ScmR downregulates the production of rhamnolipids by affecting the expression of both rhl biosynthetic operons. Furthermore, our results indicate that PHA biosynthesis is reduced in the scmR- mutant, as ScmR promotes the transcription of the phaC and phaZ genes. By studying the relationship between ScmR and quorum sensing (QS) regulation we reveal that QS acts as an activator of scmR transcription. Finally, we pinpoint the QS-3 system as being involved in the regulation of rhamnolipid and PHA biosynthesis. We conclude that ScmR negatively affects rhamnolipid production, whereas it positively impacts PHAs biosynthesis. This could provide an interesting approach for future strain engineering, leading to improved yields of these valuable metabolites. © Copyright

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Burkholderia thailandensis; PHA granules; biosurfactants; gene regulation; metabolites; quorum sensing
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 20 juill. 2021 04:17
Dernière modification: 07 févr. 2022 16:02
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/11638

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