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Biomimetic Micropatterned Adhesive Surfaces to Mechanobiologically Regulate Placental Trophoblast Fusion

Ma, Zhenwei Parameshwar, Sagrillo-Fagundes, Lucas, Tran, Raymond, Parameshwar, Prabu Karthick, Kalashnikov, Nikita, Vaillancourt, Cathy ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0543-6244 et Moraes, Christopher (2019). Biomimetic Micropatterned Adhesive Surfaces to Mechanobiologically Regulate Placental Trophoblast Fusion ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces , vol. 11 , nº 51. p. 47810-47821. DOI: 10.1021/acsami.9b19906.

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Résumé

The placental syncytiotrophoblast is a giant multinucleated cell that forms a tree-like structure and regulates transport between mother and baby during development. It is maintained throughout pregnancy by continuous fusion of trophoblast cells, and disruptions in fusion are associated with considerable adverse health effects including diseases such as preeclampsia. Developing predictive control over cell fusion in culture models is hence of critical importance in placental drug discovery and transport studies, but this can currently be only partially achieved with biochemical factors. Here, we investigate whether biophysical signals associated with budding morphogenesis during development of the placental villous tree can synergistically direct and enhance trophoblast fusion. We use micropatterning techniques to manipulate physical stresses in engineered microtissues and demonstrate that biomimetic geometries simulating budding robustly enhance fusion and alter spatial patterns of synthesis of pregnancy-related hormones. These findings indicate that biophysical signals play a previously unrecognized and significant role in regulating placental fusion and function, in synergy with established soluble signals. More broadly, our studies demonstrate that biomimetic strategies focusing on tissue mechanics can be important approaches to design, build, and test placental tissue cultures for future studies of pregnancy-related drug safety, efficacy, and discovery.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: biomimetic; development; fusion; mechanobiology; micropattern; placenta; trophoblast
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 22 juill. 2021 21:50
Dernière modification: 16 févr. 2022 15:34
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/11633

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