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Phytoseiid predatory mites can disperse entomopathogenic fungi to prey patches

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Lin, Gongyu, Guertin, Claude ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0710-6970, Di Paolo, Sean-Anthony, Todorova, Silvia et Brodeur, Jacques (2019). Phytoseiid predatory mites can disperse entomopathogenic fungi to prey patches Scientific Reports , vol. 9 , nº 19435. p. 1-10. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-55499-8.

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Résumé

Recent studies have shown that predatory mites used as biocontrol agents can be loaded with entomopathogenic fungal conidia to increase infection rates in pest populations. Under laboratory conditions, we determined the capacity of two phytoseiid mites, Amblyseius swirskii and Neoseiulus cucumeris to deliver the entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana to their prey, Frankliniella occidentalis. Predatory mites were loaded with conidia and released on plants that had been previously infested with first instar prey clustered on a bean leaf. We examined each plant section to characterize the spatial distribution of each interacting organism. Our results showed that A. swirskii delivered high numbers of conidia to thrips infested leaves, thereby increasing the proportion of thrips that came into contact with the fungus. The effect was larger when thrips infestation occurred on young leaves than on old leaves. Neoseiulus cucumeris delivered less conidia to the thrips infested leaves. These patterns result from differences in foraging activity between predatory mite species. Amblyseius swirskii stayed longer on plants, especially within thrips colonies, and had a stronger suppressing effect on thrips than N. cucumeris. Our study suggests that loading certain predatory mite species with fungal conidia can increase their capacity to suppress thrips populations by combining predation and dispersing pathogens.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: -
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 22 juill. 2021 22:05
Dernière modification: 15 févr. 2022 17:54
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/11628

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