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Dissecting the evolvability landscape of the CalB active site toward aromatic substrates

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Lopez de los Santos, Yossef, Chew-Fajardo, Ying Lian, Brault, Guillaume et Doucet, Nicolas ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1952-9380 (2019). Dissecting the evolvability landscape of the CalB active site toward aromatic substrates Scientific Reports , vol. 9 , nº 15588. p. 1-14. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-51940-0.

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Résumé

A key event in the directed evolution of enzymes is the systematic use of mutagenesis and selection, a process that can give rise to mutant libraries containing millions of protein variants. To this day, the functional analysis and identification of active variants among such high numbers of mutational possibilities is not a trivial task. Here, we describe a combinatorial semi-rational approach to partly overcome this challenge and help design smaller and smarter mutant libraries. By adapting a liquid medium transesterification assay in organic solvent conditions with a combination of virtual docking, iterative saturation mutagenesis, and residue interaction network (RIN) analysis, we engineered lipase B from P. antarctica (CalB) to improve enzyme recognition and activity against the bulky aromatic substrates and flavoring agents methyl cinnamate and methyl salicylate. Substrate-imprinted docking was used to target active-site positions involved in enzyme-substrate and enzyme-product complexes, in addition to identifying 'hot spots' most likely to yield active variants. This iterative semi-rational design strategy allowed selection of CalB variants exhibiting increased activity in just two rounds of site-saturation mutagenesis. Beneficial replacements were observed by screening only 0.308% of the theoretical library size, illustrating how semi-rational approaches with targeted diversity can quickly facilitate the discovery of improved activity variants relevant to a number of biotechnological applications.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: -
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 22 juill. 2021 21:58
Dernière modification: 15 févr. 2022 15:33
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/11577

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