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Development of a novel biological control agent targeting the phytopathogen Erwinia amylovora

Dagher, Fadi, Olishevska, Snizhana, Philion, Vincent, Zheng, Jen et Déziel, Éric ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4609-0115 (2020). Development of a novel biological control agent targeting the phytopathogen Erwinia amylovora Heliyon , vol. 6 , nº 10:e0522. p. 1-10. DOI: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e05222.

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Résumé

Antibiotics are used extensively to control animal, plant, and human pathogens. They are sprayed on apple and pear orchards to control the bacterium Erwinia amylovora, the causative agent of fire blight. This phytopathogen is developing antibiotic resistance and alternatives either have less efficacy, are phytotoxic, or more management intensive. The objective of our study was to develop an effective biological control agent colonizing the host plant and competing with Erwinia amylovora. It must not be phytotoxic, have a wide spectrum of activity, and be unlikely to induce resistance in the pathogen. To this end, several bacterial isolates from various environmental samples were screened to identify suitable candidates that are antagonistic to E. amylovora. We sampled bacteria from the flowers, leaves, and soil from apple and pear orchards from the springtime bloom period until the summer. The most effective bacteria, including isolates of Pseudomonas poae, Paenibacillus polymyxa, Bacillus amyloliquefaciens and Pantoea agglomerans, were tested in vitro and in vivo and formulated into products containing both the live strains and their metabolites that were stable for at least 9 months. Trees treated with the product based on P. agglomerans NY60 had significantly less fire blight than the untreated control and were statistically not different from streptomycin-treated control trees. With P. agglomerans NY60, fire blight never extended beyond the central vein of the inoculated leaf. The fire blight median disease severity score, 10 days after inoculation, was up to 70% less severe on trees treated with P. agglomerans NY60 as compared to untreated controls. © 2020 The Authors Erwinia amylovora; Fire blight; biological control; apple orchard; Crop Protection; Organic Farming; Biological Pest Control; Microbiology; Bacteria; Agricultural science.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Agricultural science; Apple orchard; Bacteria; Biological control; Biological pest control; Crop protection; Erwinia amylovora; Fire blight; Microbiology; Organic farming
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 18 juill. 2021 23:59
Dernière modification: 07 févr. 2022 16:04
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/11574

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