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A Multi-Sensor Comparative Analysis on the Suitability of Generated DEM from Sentinel-1 SAR Interferometry Using Statistical and Hydrological Models.

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Mohammadi, Ayub, Karimzadeh, Sadra, Jalal, Shazad Jamal, Kamran, Khalil Valizadeh, Shahabi, Himan, Homayouni, Saeid ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0214-5356 et Al-Ansari, Nadhir (2020). A Multi-Sensor Comparative Analysis on the Suitability of Generated DEM from Sentinel-1 SAR Interferometry Using Statistical and Hydrological Models. Sensors , vol. 20 , nº 24. p. 7214. DOI: 10.3390/s20247214.

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Résumé

Digital elevation model (DEM) plays a vital role in hydrological modelling and environmental studies. Many essential layers can be extracted from this land surface information, including slope, aspect, rivers, and curvature. Therefore, DEM quality and accuracy will affect the extracted features and the whole process of modeling. Despite freely available DEMs from various sources, many researchers generate this information for their areas from various observations. Sentinal-1 synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images are among the best Earth observations for DEM generation thanks to their availabilities, high-resolution, and C-band sensitivity to surface structure. This paper presents a comparative study, from a hydrological point of view, on the quality and reliability of the DEMs generated from Sentinel-1 data and DEMs from other sources such as AIRSAR, ALOS-PALSAR, TanDEM-X, and SRTM. To this end, pair of Sentinel-1 data were acquired and processed using the SAR interferometry technique to produce a DEM for two different study areas of a part of the Cameron Highlands, Pahang, Malaysia, a part of Sanandaj, Iran. Based on the estimated linear regression and standard errors, generating DEM from Sentinel-1 did not yield promising results. The river streams for all DEMs were extracted using geospatial analysis tool in a geographic information system (GIS) environment. The results indicated that because of the higher spatial resolution (compared to SRTM and TanDEM-X), more stream orders were delineated from AIRSAR and Sentinel-1 DEMs. Due to the shorter perpendicular baseline, the phase decorrelation in the created DEM resulted in a lot of noise. At the same time, results from ground control points (GCPs) showed that the created DEM from Sentinel-1 is not promising. Therefore, other DEMs’ performance, such as 90-meters’ TanDEM-X and 30-meters’ SRTM, are better than Sentinel-1 DEM (with a better spatial resolution).

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: DEM; remote sensing; SAR imagery; Malaysia; Iran
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 03 févr. 2021 19:26
Dernière modification: 08 févr. 2022 21:50
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/11222

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