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Decontamination of Fly Ash and Used Lime from Municipal Waste Incinerator Using hiobacillus ferrooxidans.

Mercier, Guy, Chartier, Myriam, Couillard, Denis et Blais, Jean-François ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3087-4318 (1999). Decontamination of Fly Ash and Used Lime from Municipal Waste Incinerator Using hiobacillus ferrooxidans. Environmental Management , vol. 24 , nº 4. p. 517-528. DOI: 10.1007/s002679900251.

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Résumé

to leach metals from APCR to render them nonhazardous. The multistage solubilization process involves an alkaline aqueous phase that removes some Pb. In the second phase, the APCR are acidified to pH 4 with H2SO4, then inoculated with a bacterial culture that has been acclimated in the presence of 2% Fe (FeCl3). Several rinses and decantings achieve removal of the leachable metals. The final step involves the addition of Ca(H2PO4)2 and an increase in the treatment pH prior to the final filtration. Viability of thiobacilli in APCR was poor. Despite this problem, the removal of Pb was 35.9%, 46.0%, and 68.7% (for APCR containing 1594, 3026, and 5038 mg Pb/kg, respectively), which demonstrates greater metal removal with increased APCR contamination. Zn removal varied from 68.2% (8273 mg Zn/kg APCR) to 79.5% (16,873 mg Zn/kg APCR), which was positively correlated to the level of residue contamination, whereas Cu was removed in the proportions of 26.9% (495 mg Cu/kg APCR) to 68.2% (465 mg Cu/kg APCR). Cadmium removal appeared to be independent of the level of Cd in the APCR; Cd was removed to the greatest degree, with a variation of 92.0% (129 mg Cd/kg APCR) to 94.7% (267 mg Cd/kg APCR). The treated APCR were tested using four different leachate tests. The APCR released 43 mg Pb/liter during contact with water, and 7.40 mg Cd/liter during TCLP [the toxicity characterization leaching procedure of the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA)]. After biological treatment, the leachate from TCLP was within the acceptance criteria of the US EPA, if the pH of the APCR was increased to pH 5 after the biological treatment. In the case of the Transport Canada leaching test, a betterment of the process is required in order to satisfy the stringent regulatory level of 0.5 mg Cd/liter (0.68 and 0.57 mg/liter).

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: thiobacilli; metals removal; fly ash; incinerator; hazardous waste
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 03 févr. 2021 21:12
Dernière modification: 18 févr. 2022 19:20
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/11138

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