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Stickleback Fights: Why Do Winners Win? Influence of Metabolic and Morphometric Parameters.

Guderley, Helga et Couture, Patrice ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1944-5136 (2005). Stickleback Fights: Why Do Winners Win? Influence of Metabolic and Morphometric Parameters. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology , vol. 78 , nº 2. p. 173-181. DOI: 10.1086/425204.

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Pairs of reproductively mature male three‐spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus) were introduced into unfamiliar aquaria and observed until one male became dominant. Skin carotenoid content, morphometric indexes, and metabolic capacities of the axial and pectoral muscles were examined to establish whether morphological or physiological parameters differentiated winners and losers. Stickleback that initiated fights typically won. Quick initiation led to quick victory. Overall, winners and losers differed in few morphological or metabolic characteristics, but these properties and the differences between these attributes for losers and winners of specific fights were linked with initiation time and fight duration. Morphometric indexes of losers were the primary determinants of initiation time and fight duration, whereas for winners muscle metabolic capacities were linked to these fight characteristics. The greater the hepatosomatic index (HSI) of losers, the longer the fight initiation times. Similarly, losers with high HSI and carotenoid levels resisted defeat longer. In winners, initiation time decreased as axial muscle phosphofructokinase levels increased and citrate synthase levels decreased, whereas the metabolic capacities of the pectoral muscle were linked with time to achieve victory. When losers had greater HSI values than the winners of a specific fight, fight initiation was delayed and fights lasted longer. When losers had higher carotenoid levels than winners, fights also lasted longer. On the other hand, when losers had more visceral fat (fat body mass over somatic mass) than winners, both initiation time and combat duration were reduced. These results suggest that male stickleback assess their physiological status and that of their opponents, in particular the HSI, and adjust their combat strategies accordingly.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: poissons;
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 09 août 2022 19:36
Dernière modification: 09 août 2022 19:36
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/11006

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