Dépôt numérique

On the origins of bibliometrics

Godin, Benoît (2006). On the origins of bibliometrics Scientometrics , vol. 68 , nº 1. pp. 109-133. DOI: 10.1007/s11192-006-0086-0.

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Among the many statistics on science, called scientometrics, bibliometrics holds a privileged place. Bibliometrics is one of the few subfields concerned with measuring the output side of science. According to most “histories”, bibliometrics owes its systematic development mainly to D.J.D. Price and Eugene Garfield, as founders. The few works conducted before the 1950s are usually relegated to prehistory. This paper documents how the systematic counting of publications originated with psychologists. In the early 1900s, psychologists began collecting statistics on their discipline. Publications came to be counted in addresses, reviews and histories of psychology for several decades. The aim was to contribute to the advancement of psychology. Far from being a negligible output of a prehistoric type, both the volume and the systematicness of these efforts are witnesses to what should be considered as pioneering work, and their authors considered as forerunners to bibliometrics.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: bibliométrie; histoire
Centre: Centre Urbanisation Culture Société
Date de dépôt: 17 nov. 2020 16:34
Dernière modification: 17 nov. 2020 16:34
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/10500

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