Dépôt numérique

Research and development: how the "D" got into R and D

Godin, Benoît (2006). Research and development: how the "D" got into R and D Science and Public Policy , vol. 33 , nº 1. pp. 59-76. DOI: 10.3152/147154306781779190.

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This paper traces the history of the concept of research and development (R&D) through 70 years of work on taxonomies and statistics on research. It identifies three stages in the construction of development as a category. First, development was only a series or list of activities without a label, but identified for inclusion in questionnaire responses. Second, development came to be identified as such by way of creating a subcategory of research, alongside basic and applied research. Third, development became a separate category, alongside research. It gave us the acronym we now know and use: R&D. Although it is a category of industrial origins, three factors contributed to the inclusion of development in official definitions of research: organizational, analytical, and political.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: recherche; développement; histoire; histoire de la science
Centre: Centre Urbanisation Culture Société
Date de dépôt: 17 nov. 2020 16:34
Dernière modification: 17 nov. 2020 16:34
URI: https://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/10499

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