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Influence of the Route of Exposure on the Accumulation and Subcellular Distribution of Nickel and Thallium in Juvenile Fathead Minnows (Pimephales promelas).

Lapointe, Dominique; Couture, Patrice (2009). Influence of the Route of Exposure on the Accumulation and Subcellular Distribution of Nickel and Thallium in Juvenile Fathead Minnows (Pimephales promelas). Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology , vol. 57 , nº 3. p. 571-580. DOI: 10.1007/s00244-009-9298-7.

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Résumé

In this study, we examine the relative contribution of water and live prey (Tubifex tubifex) as sources of nickel (Ni) and thallium (Tl) in juvenile fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas). Overall, both water and prey were important sources of metals for our fish, although only approximately 35% of the metal estimated available for trophic transfer in the prey was assimilated. We also investigated the influence of exposure route on the subcellular distribution of these two metals. Once assimilated, most of the Ni was found in the granules, debris, and heat-stable protein (HSP), regardless of the route of exposure. Thallium was also mostly located in granules, debris, and HSP, and fish exposed from both water and prey had a higher proportion of Tl bound to the HSP compartment compared to control fish. Our results, obtained using environmentally relevant concentrations, suggest the presence of regulation mechanisms for both metals. Nevertheless, we measured increased metal concentrations in potentially metal-sensitive subcellular fractions when fish were exposed from water and diet simultaneously compared to a single route of exposure, suggesting that exposure to Ni and Tl from both routes could represent a risk of toxicity.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: control fish; fathead minnow; assimilation efficiency; reconstituted water; granule fraction
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 08 janv. 2021 19:48
Dernière modification: 08 janv. 2021 19:48
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/10767

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