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Nonstationary Temperature-Duration-Frequency curves.

Ouarda, Taha B. M. J.; Charron, Christian (2018). Nonstationary Temperature-Duration-Frequency curves. Scientific Reports , vol. 8 , nº 1. p. 15493. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-33974-y.

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Résumé

Persistent extreme heat events are of growing concern in a climate change context. An increase in the intensity, frequency and duration of heat waves is observed in several regions. Temperature extremes are also influenced by global-scale modes of climate variability. Temperature-Duration-Frequency (TDF) curves, which relate the intensity of heat events of different durations to their frequencies, can be useful tools for the analysis of heat extremes. To account for climate external forcings, we develop a nonstationary approach to the TDF curves by introducing indices that account for the temporal trend and teleconnections. Nonstationary TDF modeling can find applications in adaptive management in the fields of health care, public safety and energy production. We present a one-step method, based on the maximization of the composite likelihood of observed heat extremes, to build the nonstationary TDF curves. We show the importance of integrating the information concerning climate change and climate oscillations. In an application to the province of Quebec, Canada, the influence of Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillations (AMO) on heat events is shown to be more important than the temporal trend.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: climate change; energy yield; heat; oscillation; Quebec
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 04 mars 2019 16:11
Dernière modification: 04 mars 2019 16:11
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/7834

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