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Uptake and subcellular distribution of aluminum in a marine diatom.

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Liu, Qingxia; Zhou, Linbin; Liu, Fengjie; Fortin, Claude; Tan, Yehui; Huang, Liangmin; Campbell, Peter G. C. (2019). Uptake and subcellular distribution of aluminum in a marine diatom. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety , vol. 169 . p. 85-92. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2018.10.095.

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Résumé

Aluminum (Al) is widespread in the environment including the ocean. The effects of Al on marine organisms have attracted more and more attention in recent years. However, the mechanisms of uptake of Al by marine organisms and the subcellular distribution of Al once assimilated are unknown. Here we report the uptake and subcellular distribution of Al in a marine diatom Thalassiosira weissflogii. Short-term (< 120 min) uptake experiments showed that the Al uptake rate by the diatom was 0.033 ± 0.013 fmol⁻¹ cell⁻¹ min⁻¹ (internalization flux normalized to the exposure Al concentration of 2 µM = 0.034 ± 0.013 nmol m ⁻² min⁻¹ nM⁻¹). Subcellular fractionation experiments showed that the internalized Al was partitioned to subcellular components in the following order: granules (69 ± 5%) > debris (17 ± 4%) > organelles (12 ± 2%) > heat-stable peptides (HSP) (~2%) > heat-denaturable proteins (HDP) (< 1%), indicating that the majority of intracellular Al was detoxified and stored in inorganic forms. The subcellular distribution of Al in the diatom is different from that of Al in freshwater green algae, in which most of the internalized Al is partitioned to organelles. We also evaluated an artificial seawater-based EDTA rinse solution to remove Al adsorbed on the diatom cell surface. Overall, our study provides new information to understand the mechanisms of uptake of Al by marine diatoms, and the mechanisms responsible for the biological effects (both toxic and beneficial) of Al on the growth of marine phytoplankton, especially diatoms.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: aluminum; uptake; subcellular distribution; marine diatom; Thalassiosira weissflogii
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 14 déc. 2018 19:10
Dernière modification: 14 déc. 2018 19:10
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/7806

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