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Biodegradation of microcystin-LR using acclimatized bacteria isolated from different units of the drinking water treatment plant.

Kumar, Pratik; Hegde, Krishnamoorthy; Brar, Satinder Kaur; Cledon, Maximiliano; Kermanshahi-pour, Azadeh; Roy-Lachapelle, Audrey; Galvez-Cloutier, Rosa (2018). Biodegradation of microcystin-LR using acclimatized bacteria isolated from different units of the drinking water treatment plant. Environmental Pollution , vol. 242 . p. 407-416. DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2018.07.008.

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Résumé

Bacterial community isolated from different units of a Drinking Water Treatment Plant (DWTP) including pre-ozonation unit (POU), the effluent-sludge mixture of the sedimentation unit (ESSU) and top-sand layer water sample from the filtration unit (TSFU) were acclimatized separately in the microcystin-leucine arginine (MC-LR)-rich environment to evaluate MC-LR biodegradation. Maximum biodegradation efficiency of 97.2 ± 8.7% was achieved by the acclimatized-TSFU bacterial community followed by 72.1 ± 6.4% and 86.2 ± 7.3% by acclimatized-POU and acclimatized-ESSU bacterial community, respectively. Likewise, the non-acclimatized bacterial community showed similar biodegradation efficiency of 71.1 ± 7.37%, 86.7 ± 3.19% and 94.35 ± 10.63% for TSFU, ESSU and POU, respectively, when compared to the acclimatized ones. However, the biodegradation rate increased 1.5-folds for acclimatized versus non-acclimatized conditions. The mass spectrometry studies on MC-LR degradation depicted hydrolytic linearization of cyclic MC-LR along with the formation of small peptide fragments including Adda molecule that is linked to the reduced toxicity (qualitative toxicity analysis). This was further confirmed quantitatively by using Rhizobium meliloti as a bioindicator. The acclimatized-TSFU bacterial community comprised of novel MC-LR degrading strains, Chryseobacterium sp. and Pseudomonas fragi as confirmed by 16S rRNA sequencing.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: acclimatized bacteria; microcystin; degradation pathway; drinking water; toxicity
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 28 nov. 2018 15:40
Dernière modification: 28 nov. 2018 15:40
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/7722

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