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Introduction of the GAM model for regional low-flow frequency analysis at ungauged basins and comparison with commonly used approaches.

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Ouarda, Taha B. M. J.; Charron, Christian; Hundecha, Yeshewatesfa; St-Hilaire, André; Chebana, Fateh (2018). Introduction of the GAM model for regional low-flow frequency analysis at ungauged basins and comparison with commonly used approaches. Environmental Modelling & Software , vol. 109 . p. 256-271. DOI: 10.1016/j.envsoft.2018.08.031.

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Résumé

Generalized Additive Models (GAMs) are introduced in this study for the regional estimation of low-flow characteristics at ungauged basins and compared to other approaches commonly used for this purpose. GAMs provide more flexibility in the shape of the relationships between the response and explanatory variables in comparison to classical models such as multiple linear regression (MLR). Homogeneous regions are defined here using the methods of hierarchical cluster analysis, canonical correlation analysis and region of influence. GAMs and MLR are then used within the delineated regions and also for the whole study area. In addition, a spatial interpolation method is also tested. The different models are applied for the regional estimation of summer and winter low-flow quantiles at stations in Quebec, Canada. Results show that for a given regional delineation method, GAMs provide improved performances compared to MLR.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: low flows; regional estimation; canonical correlation analysis; region of influence; hierarchical cluster analysis; generalized additive models
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 18 oct. 2018 18:54
Dernière modification: 18 oct. 2018 18:54
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/7670

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