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Thyroid hormones and androgens differentially regulate gene expression in testes and ovaries of sexually mature Silurana tropicalis.

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Campbell, Diana E.K.; Langlois, Valérie S. (2018). Thyroid hormones and androgens differentially regulate gene expression in testes and ovaries of sexually mature Silurana tropicalis. General and Comparative Endocrinology , vol. 267 . p. 172-182. DOI: 10.1016/j.ygcen.2018.07.001.

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Résumé

A series of ex vivo exposures using testicular and ovarian tissues of sexually mature Western clawed frogs (Silurana tropicalis) were designed to examine molecular mechanisms of thyroid hormone (TH) and androgen crosstalk sans hypophyseal feedback as well as investigate potential sex-specific differences. Tissues were exposed ex vivo to either triiodothyronine (T3), iopanoic acid (IOP), one co-treatment of IOP + 5α-dihydrotestosterone (5α-DHT), 5α-DHT, 5β-dihydrotestosterone (5β-DHT), or testosterone (T). Direct exposure to different androgens led to androgen specific increases in thyroid receptor and deiodinase transcripts in testes (trβ and dio1) but a decrease in expression in ovaries (trβ and dio3), suggesting that male and female frogs can be differently affected by androgenic compounds. Moreover, exposure to select androgens differentially increased estrogen-related transcription (estrogen receptor alpha (erα) and aromatase (cyp19)) and production (estradiol) in ovaries and testes indicating the activation of alternate metabolic pathways yielding estrogenic metabolites. Sex-steroid-related transcription (i.e., steroid 5α-reductase type 2 (srd5α2) and erα) and production (i.e., 5α-DHT) were also differentially regulated by THs. The presence and frequency of transcription factor binding sites in the putative promoter regions of TH- and sex steroid-related genes were also examined in S. tropicalis, rodent, and fish models using in silico analysis. In summary, this study provides an improved mechanistic understanding of TH- and androgen-mediated actions and reveals differential transcriptional effects as a function of sex in frogs.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: thyroid hormones; androgens; crosstalk; iopanoic acid; Real-time RT-qPCR; Silurana tropicalis
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 18 oct. 2018 18:53
Dernière modification: 08 juill. 2019 04:00
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/7668

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