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Motor Skills of Children and Adolescents with Obesity and Severe Obesity - A CIRCUIT Study

Häcker, Anna-Luisa; Bigras, Jean-Luc; Henderson, Melanie; Barnett, Tracie A; Mathieu, Marie-Ève (2017). Motor Skills of Children and Adolescents with Obesity and Severe Obesity - A CIRCUIT Study Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research . DOI: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000002213. (Sous Presse)

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Résumé

During childhood, excessive weight is negatively associated with the development of motor skills, with children with overweight or obesity having poorer motor skills compared to children with normal weight. The objectives of the current study are to identify the differences in motor skills between children and adolescent with obesity and severe obesity and the extent of this difference. To do so, we examined cross-sectionally 165 subjects. Physical fitness was analyzed in both participants with obesity (>97-99.9 BMI percentile) and severe obesity (>99.9 BMI percentile) using eight standardized tests: sit-and-reach, grip force, sit-ups, push-ups, balance, hand-eye coordination, standing long jump and 5-meter shuttle run. Poorer performance were observed in participants with severe obesity in sit-ups (children: 59%; 18.6±17.0 percentile value vs. 29.5±23.2 percentile value, p=0.008), balance (adolescent: 59%; 12.1±12.2 sec. v. 19.3±13.9 sec., p=0.034) and in the 5-meter shuttle run (children: 49%; 14.0±13.9 percentile value vs. 20.8 ± 19.4 percentile value, p=0.046; adolescents: 11%; 13.2±2.2 sec. vs. 11.8±1.6 sec., p=0.008) compared to obese counterparts. In conclusion, while physical performance was found to be similar between the different obesity levels for the majority of tests, youth with severe obesity demonstrated impairments ranging from 11 to 59% in specific tests.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: -
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 10 mars 2019 19:02
Dernière modification: 10 mars 2019 19:02
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/7522

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