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A multi-host approach to identify a transposon mutant of Pseudomonas aeruginosa LESB58 lacking full virulence

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Gagné-Thivierge, Cynthia; Kukavica-Ibrulj, Irena; Filion, Geneviève; Dekimpe, Valérie; Tan, Sok Gheck E.; Vincent, Antony T.; Déziel, Éric; Lévesque, Roger C.; Charette, Steve J. (2018). A multi-host approach to identify a transposon mutant of Pseudomonas aeruginosa LESB58 lacking full virulence BMC Research Notes , vol. 11 , nº 1: 198. p. 1-6. DOI: 10.1186/s13104-018-3308-7.

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Résumé

OBJECTIVE:Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic bacterial pathogen well known to cause chronic lung infections in individuals with cystic fibrosis (CF). Some strains adapted to this particular niche show distinct phenotypes, such as biofilm hyperproduction. It is necessary to study CF clinical P. aeruginosa isolates, such as Liverpool Epidemic Strains (LES), to acquire a better understanding of the key genes essential for in vivo maintenance and the major virulence mechanisms involved in CF lung infections. Previously, a library of 9216 mutants of the LESB58 strain were generated by signature-tagged mutagenesis (STM) and screened in the rat model of chronic lung infection, allowing the identification of 163 STM mutants showing defects in in vivo maintenance.

RESULTS:In the present study, these 163 mutants were successively screened in two additional surrogate host models (the amoeba and the fruit fly). The STM PALES_11731 mutant was the unique non-virulent in the three hosts. A competitive index study in rat lungs confirmed that the mutant was 20-fold less virulent than the wild-type strain. This study demonstrated the pertinence to use a multi-host approach to study the genetic determinants of P. aeruginosa strains infecting CF patients.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: Cystic fibrosis; Dictyostelium discoideum; Drosophila melanogaster; LESB58; Lung infection; Pseudomonas aeruginosa; Rat; Virulence factors
Centre: Centre INRS-Institut Armand Frappier
Date de dépôt: 04 mars 2019 18:44
Dernière modification: 04 mars 2019 18:44
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/7449

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