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Phosphorus Mobilization at the Sediment–Water Interface in Softwater Shield Lakes: the Role of Organic Carbon and Metal Oxyhydroxides.

Lavoie, Michel; Auclair, Jean-Christian (2012). Phosphorus Mobilization at the Sediment–Water Interface in Softwater Shield Lakes: the Role of Organic Carbon and Metal Oxyhydroxides. Aquatic Geochemistry , vol. 18 , nº 4. p. 327-341. DOI: 10.1007/s10498-012-9166-3.

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Résumé

The adsorption of phosphorus on natural diagenetic iron (Feox) and manganese (Mnox) oxyhydroxides was studied in deep and littoral zone sediments of mesotrophic Lac Saint-Charles (46°56 N, 71°23 W), using a Teflon sheet technique for collecting diagenetically produced metal oxyhydroxides. Collected metal oxide amounts were greater at the deep-water station, relative to littoral zone stations reflecting sediment and local diagenetic differences. Two-layer surface complexation modeling on iron oxyhydroxide was consistent with the measured total P/Fe molar ratios except for the upper mixed Mn–Fe oxide layer from the littoral stations, where measured phosphorus exceeded the modeled phosphorus by more than fivefold. Soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP) exchange between oxyhydroxide samples and natural lake water in the laboratory revealed a labile phosphorus pool. Phosphorus determined on the Teflon sheets from the littoral zone stations appears to be related to a distinct non-humic organic carbon pool that readily exchanges SRP, while little exchange was observed from material collected from the deep-water station. We suggest that the enhanced SRP release from littoral zone sediments is due to an organic carbon and/or metal oxide-impoverished sediment matrix, limiting microbial oxide reduction and allowing phosphorus to be rapidly recycled at the sediment–water interface, instead of being slowly incorporated into humic material. The SRP fluxes revealed in our study, which originate from the solid phase at the sediment–water interface, would be difficult to resolve using interstitial pore-water samplers and might be a quantitatively important source of inorganic phosphorus in Shield lakes.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: iron oxyhydroxides; phosphorus; lake; eutrophication; organic carbon
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 19 oct. 2018 15:08
Dernière modification: 19 oct. 2018 15:08
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/7313

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