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A mine of information: Benthic algal communities as biomonitors of metal contamination from abandoned tailings.

Lavoie, Isabelle; Lavoie, Michel; Fortin, Claude (2012). A mine of information: Benthic algal communities as biomonitors of metal contamination from abandoned tailings. Science of The Total Environment , vol. 425 . p. 231-241. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.02.057.

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Résumé

Various biomonitoring approaches were tested in the field to assess the response of natural periphythic algal communities to chronic metal contamination downstream from an abandoned mine tailings site. The accumulation of cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), lead (Pb) and zinc (Zn) as well as the production of phytochelatins, the presence of diatom taxa known to tolerate high metal concentrations, diatom diversity and the presence of teratologies were determined. We observed highly significant relationships between intracellular metal and calculated free metal ion concentrations. Such relationships are often observed in laboratory studies but have been rarely validated in field studies. These results suggest that the concentration of metal inside the field-collected periphyton, regardless of its species composition, is a good indicator of exposure and is an interesting proxy for bioavailable metal concentrations in natural waters. The presence of teratologies and metal-tolerant taxa at our contaminated sites provided a clear indication that diatom communities were responding to this metal stress. A multi-metric approach integrating various bioassessment methods could be used for the field monitoring of metal contamination and the quantification of its effects.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: periphyton; diatoms; metal accumulation; phytochelatins; river
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 19 oct. 2018 15:08
Dernière modification: 19 oct. 2018 15:08
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/7312

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