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Spatial Disaggregation of Mean Areal Rainfall Using Gibbs Sampling.

Gagnon, Patrick; Rousseau, Alain N.; Mailhot, Alain; Caya, Daniel (2012). Spatial Disaggregation of Mean Areal Rainfall Using Gibbs Sampling. Journal of Hydrometeorology , vol. 13 , nº 1. p. 324-337. DOI: 10.1175/JHM-D-11-034.1.

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Résumé

Precipitation has a high spatial variability, and thus some modeling applications require high-resolution data (<10 km). Unfortunately, in some cases, such as meteorological forecasts and future regional climate projections, only spatial averages over large areas are available. While some attention has been given to the disaggregation of mean areal precipitation estimates, the computation of a disaggregated field with a realistic spatial structure remains a difficult task. This paper describes the development of a statistical disaggregation model based on Gibbs sampling. The model disaggregates 45.6-km-resolution rainfall fields to grids with pixel sizes ranging from 3.8 to 22.8 km. The model is conceptually simple, as the algorithm is straightforward to compute with only a few parameters to estimate. The rainfall depth at each grid pixel is related to the depths of the neighboring pixels, while the spatial variability is related to the convective available potential energy (CAPE) field. The model is developed using daily rainfall data over a 40 000-km ² area located in the southeastern United States. Four-kilometer-resolution rainfall estimates obtained from NCEP's stage IV analysis were used to estimate the model parameters (2002-04) and as a reference to validate the disaggregated fields (2005/06). Results show that the model accurately simulates rainfall depths and the spatial structure of the observed field. Because the model has low computational requirements, an ensemble of disaggregated data series can be generated.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: mesoscale; modelsstochastic models; numerical analysis; precipitation
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 19 oct. 2018 14:23
Dernière modification: 19 oct. 2018 14:23
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/7254

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