Dépôt numérique
RECHERCHER

Late-Quaternary glacial to postglacial sedimentation in three adjacent fjord-lakes of the Québec North Shore (eastern Canadian Shield).

Téléchargements

Téléchargements par mois depuis la dernière année

Plus de statistiques...

Poiré, Antoine G.; Lajeunesse, Patrick; Normandeau, Alexandre; Francus, Pierre; St-Onge, Guillaume; Nzekwe, Obinna Peter (2018). Late-Quaternary glacial to postglacial sedimentation in three adjacent fjord-lakes of the Québec North Shore (eastern Canadian Shield). Quaternary Science Reviews , vol. 186 . p. 91-110. DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2018.02.013.

[img] PDF
Document sous embargo jusqu'à 23 Mars 2020.
Disponible sous licence Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Télécharger (14MB)

Résumé

High-resolution swath bathymetry imagery allowed mapping in great detail the sublacustrine geomorphology of lakes Pentecôte, Walker and Pasteur, three deep adjacent fjord-lakes of the Québec North Shore (eastern Canada). These sedimentary basins have been glacio-isostatically uplifted to form deep steep-sided elongated lakes. Their key geographical position and limnogeological characteristics typical of fjords suggest exceptional potential for long-term high-resolution paleoenvironmental reconstitutions. Acoustic subbottom profiles acquired using a bi-frequency Chirp echosounder (3.5 & 12 kHz), together with cm- and m-long sediment core data, reveal the presence of four acoustic stratigraphic units. The acoustic basement (Unit 1) represents the structural bedrock and/or the ice-contact sediments of the Laurentide Ice Sheet and reveals V-shaped bedrock valleys at the bottom of the lakes occupied by ice-loaded sediments in a basin-fill geometry (Unit 2). Moraines observed at the bottom of lakes and in their structural valleys indicate a deglaciation punctuated by short-term ice margin stabilizations. Following ice retreat and their isolation, the fjord-lakes were filled by a thick draping sequence of rhythmically laminated silts and clays (Unit 3) deposited during glaciomarine and/or glaciolacustrine settings. These sediments were episodically disturbed by mass-movements during deglaciation due to glacial-isostatic rebound. AMS 14C dating reveal that the transition between deglaciation of the lakes Pentecôte and Walker watersheds and the development of para- and post-glacial conditions occurred around 8000 cal BP. The development of the lake-head river delta plain during the Holocene provided a constant source of fluvial sediment supply to the lakes and the formation of turbidity current bedforms on the sublacustrine delta slopes. The upper sediment succession (i.e., ∼4–∼6.5 m) consists of a continuous para-to post-glacial sediment drape (Unit 4) that contains laminated and massive sediment and series of Rapidly Deposited Layers. These results allow establishing a conceptual model of how a glaciated coastal fjord evolves during and after deglaciation in a context of rapid glacio-isostatically induced forced regression.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: fjord-lakes; deglaciation; Laurentide Ice Sheet; swath bathymetry; acoustic stratigraphy
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 09 mai 2018 18:51
Dernière modification: 09 mai 2018 18:51
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/7127

Actions (Identification requise)

Modifier la notice Modifier la notice