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Influence of Conspecific Attraction on the Spatial Distribution of Learning Foragers in a Patchy Habitat.

Beauchamp, Guy; Belisle, Marc; Giraldeau, Luc-Alain (1997). Influence of Conspecific Attraction on the Spatial Distribution of Learning Foragers in a Patchy Habitat. Journal of Animal Ecology , vol. 66 , nº 5. p. 671-682. DOI: 10.2307/5920.

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Résumé

1. Individuals in many social species are attracted to feeding conspecifics. The profitability of conspecific attraction is negatively frequency-dependent and can be modelled as a producer-scrounger (PS) game for which the ESS solution predicts some mixture of producer (no attraction) and scrounger (attraction) tactics in the population. Current models for the spatial distribution of rate-maximizing foragers, which learn the quality of habitats as they exploit patches, ignore the possible effect of conspecific attraction on the stable distribution of foragers.
2, We used simulations of a population with ESS levels of attraction to investigate the effect of conspecific attraction on the spatial distribution of learning foragers which incur travel costs. In habitats where patches depleted slowly, ESS levels of attraction helped foragers which experienced no interference reach the expected ideal free distribution (IFD) by facilitating aggregation to the richest patches. Large aggregations also occurred with interference and thus reduced the fit to the IFD, which in this case predicts a scatter of foragers across patches of varying quality.
3. In habitats where patches depleted rapidly, ESS levels of attraction prevented foragers from reaching the IFD, irrespective of interference levels. Foragers failed to learn habitat quality and thus often aggregated in poor patches, especially in large populations which depleted patches faster and had fewer opportunities to learn quality.
4. Predictions of the model in habitats where patches deplete slowly are supported by several studies. More work is needed for habitats where patches deplete more rapidly. We conclude that conspecific attraction can have important, and often disruptive effects on spatial distributions.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: conspecific attraction; ideal free distribution; interference; learning; scrounging
Centre: Institut national de la recherche scientifique
Date de dépôt: 02 mai 2018 17:30
Dernière modification: 02 mai 2018 17:30
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/6972

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