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Autotrophic denitrification supported by biotite dissolution in crystalline aquifers: (2) transient mixing and denitrification dynamic during long-term pumping.

Roques, Clément; Aquilina, Luc; Boisson, Alexandre; Vergnaud-Ayraud, Virginie; Labasque, Thierry; Longuevergne, Laurent; Laurencelle, Marc; Dufresne, Alexis; de Dreuzy, Jean-Raynald; Pauwels, Hélène; Bour, Olivier (2018). Autotrophic denitrification supported by biotite dissolution in crystalline aquifers: (2) transient mixing and denitrification dynamic during long-term pumping. Science of The Total Environment , vol. 619-20 . p. 491-503. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.11.104.

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Résumé

We investigated the mixing and dynamic of denitrification processes induced by long-term pumping in the crystalline aquifer of Ploemeur (Brittany, France). Hydrological and geochemical parameters have been continuously recorded over 15 boreholes in 5 km2 on a 25-year period. This extensive spatial and temporal monitoring of conservative as well as reactive compounds is a key opportunity to identify aquifer-scale transport and reactive processes in crystalline aquifers. Time series analysis of the conservative elements recorded at the pumped well were used to determine mixing fractions from different compartments of the aquifer on the basis of a Principal Component Analysis approach coupled with an end-member mixing analysis. We could reveal that pumping thus induces a thorough reorganization of fluxes known as capture, favoring infiltration and vertical fluxes in the recharge zone, and upwelling of deep and distant water at long-term time scales. These mixing fractions were then used to quantify the extent of denitrification linked to pumping. Based on the results from batch experiments described in a companion paper, our computations revealed that i) autotrophic denitrification processes are dominant in this context where carbon sources are limited, that ii) nitrate reduction does not only come from the oxidation of pyrite as classically described in previous studies analyzing denitrification processes in similar contexts, and that iii) biotite plays a critical role in sustaining the nitrate reduction process. Both nitrate reduction, sulfate production as well as fluor release ratios support the hypothesis that biotite plays a key role of electron donor in this context. The batch-to-site similarities support biotite availability and the role by bacterial communities as key controls of nitrate removal in such crystalline aquifers. However, the long term data monitoring also indicates that mixing and reactive processes evolve extremely slowly at the scale of the decade.

Type de document: Article
Mots-clés libres: groundwater quality; fractured aquifers; mixing; autotrophic denitrification; kinetically-controlled reactions
Centre: Centre Eau Terre Environnement
Date de dépôt: 12 févr. 2018 21:00
Dernière modification: 12 févr. 2018 21:00
URI: http://espace.inrs.ca/id/eprint/6579

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